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Why vaccines important for dogs?

Why vaccination important for dogs - dogcareguides.com
Why Vaccination Important For Dogs?
Doing vaccination to a dog

It is a very common fact that all living beings have to face diseases. So this is also valid for the dogs as well. Also, they are at high risk of exposure to many diseases and infections. Sometimes they make your dog’s life at risk. That is why vaccines important for dogs. Most dog diseases are caused by several factors. They may be viruses, bacteria, fungi, or genetic diseases. Therefore vaccination process helps to build a strong resistance against these disease in you’re dog’s body.

In addition, dogs are domestic animals. We love, adore, and care for them. We make them as a family. So some diseases may cause health risks to humans as well. eg: Rabies

How do vaccines work?

It is building or produce protective antibodies in healthy animals. In addition, it has ability to neutralized the virus or bacteria in later exposed and build up strong immune system in pets.

What is included in the vaccines?

You may surprise if I say, vaccination also contained viruses and bacteria. Yes, it is. Vaccination includes killed or modified live but weakened forms of bacteria or viruses.

Why do vaccines start in little age?

At first, puppies make antibodies from their mothers. These antibodies provide early protection for three weeks. But these maternal antibodies gradually decline. It means their power against infections gets weakened. These antibodies weakened start within 21 days (3 weeks) to 120 days (4 months).

So we need to start vaccination to rebuild these antibodies. The ideal time is after 45 days since birth. (6 weeks). It is give your puppy to long term protection and replace antibodies.

How often vaccines should be continued?

The immunity build by vaccinations also decline by time. Because they are valid for a particular time period. So your veterinarian will determine the appropriate vaccination schedule considering your dog’s health history.

Is there are any side effects?

Yes. There are small risks and side effects. But they can be ignored to considering the benefits of vaccination. Sometimes allergies and irritation can occurs.

What should you do in such a situation?

  • Normally your veterinarian will give you details about possible risks, its related advice, and steps to follow.
  • If not you should asks from your veterinarian.
  • Before vaccination be alert with your pet’s health issues.
  • After vaccination if your dog do not active as before or show some symptoms please contact your vet immediately.

These side effects and reactions may depend on your dog’s age and early disease exposure.

Advantages of periodical vaccination

  • Establish a strong immune system in your dog
  • Prevent diseases
  • Helps to maintain good health in your dog
  • Cost-effective – preventing infectious diseases more beneficial than treating diseases
  • Avoid inconvenience to the owner
  • Make your pet more comfortable and active
  • Keeps both dog and owner happy

Common Infectious Diseases Of Dogs

Why Vaccination Important For Dogs? - dogcareguides.com
Common Infectious Diseases Of Dogs

Why rabies vaccines important for dogs?

Rabies is the most dangerous viral attack among dogs. This is not only affected in dogs but also all kinds of mammals as well.

Such as Dogs, cats, wild animals and humans.

How rabies gets transmitted?

Rabies transmitted by bite wounds. Therefore rabies has a fast spread because infected animals tend to bite other ones. Once infected there is no treatment to save the life. Always cause death. But you can prevent rabies by vaccination.

Nature of attack and symptoms

This virus attacks the nervous system of warm-blooded mammals. So it produces incoordination and abnormalities in behavior.

eg: unusual aggregation or withdrawal

Why “Canine Distemper” vaccines important for dogs?

Exposure to this virus is inevitable for dogs. So you must give canine distemper vaccination at right time. Also, the puppies and young dogs are at the highest risk. So this is a very important vaccination for your dog.

How distemper get transmitted?

It is transmitted by airborne exposure. So it is widely spread. The virus enters the air by sneezing and coughing of infected one.

Nature of attack and symptoms

This virus attacks various tissues in the body. It may be the respiratory, gastrointestinal, or nervous system.

So distemper virus produces fever, nasal, ocular discharge, diarrhea, appetite loss, respiratory disease. Besides, neurological signs like paralysis and spasms can appear. Also, it often causes death.

Why ICH (Infectious Canine Hepatitis) vaccines important for dogs?

Canine Hepatitis caused by the canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV – 1). This is a worldwide disease among dogs.

How ICH get transmitted?

ICH transmitted via infectious urine, feces, and respiratory secretions. Typically this virus can survive outside for weeks to months without any problem.

Nature of attack and symptoms

Mainly it is an attack on the liver. That is why its name as hepatitis. Also, the kidney, lungs, spleen can infect.

This virus causes the loss of white blood cells. Therefore immune system becomes weakened. Because white blood cells are the key to the immune system.

When it is infected, abnormal bleeding, fever show as symptoms. Also, it may cause “Blue Eye” in dogs. If disease found early stage there is a high chance of recovery. Also, proper medication and care can cure the disease gradually. But when it serious death can happen.

Why “Enteritis” vaccines important for dogs?

This is caused by the canine parvo and canine coronavirus. Among them, parvovirus is more dangerous. And also parvovirus gets infected while coronavirus presents the case become more severe. Also, puppies and you’d dogs are at risk. Because they may not previously been vaccinated. Besides their immune system is weak than the elder dogs.

How Enteritis get transmitted?

Transmission can happen in both direct and indirect ways. Direct contact such as sniffing nose to nose, feces. Because there are lots of viruses includes in infected dog’s poop.

This virus can survive in a normal environment for around 60 days. Therefore dogs can have enteritis indirectly as well.

Nature of attack and symptoms

Parvovirus attacks the intestine in dogs. Diarrhea and vomiting, loss of appetite are the common symptoms. Proper treatment and early identification can cure the disease. Also, diseases get fatal due to dehydration and loss of appetite.

Why “Canine Respiratory Disease” vaccines important for dogs?

The respiratory infection happened because of CAV – 2 (canine adenovirus) and parainfluenza viruses. In addition, Bordetella bronchiseptica bacteria also a reason for this disease.

This disease can widely spread when dogs live together.

How Respiratory Disease get transmitted?

This is easily get transmitted by air and direct contact with infected dogs.

Nature of attack and symptoms

Virus attacks on the respiratory system cause pneumonia. Proper treatment can cure the disease. Otherwise, it will become life-threatening.

CAV – 1 and CAV -2 closely related. Therefore CAV – 2 vaccine provides dual protection against both ICH and respiratory disease.

Why “Leptospirosis Infection” vaccines important for dogs?

There are several Leptospira bacteria that infected dogs. Such as L. Pomona, L.Icterohaemorrhagiae, L.canicola, L.Grippotyphosa. Your veterinarian will determine suitable vaccination.

How Leptospirosis infection get transmitted?

Transmitted via infected wild life urine, contaminated food or water.

Nature of attack and symptoms

Attacks on kidneys and liver. Common symptoms are fever, depression, anorexia, and generalized pain. Besides these can infect humans. Therefore never miss the vaccination.

The Recommended vaccination schedule as follows :

Age: 6 weeks

Age (weeks) Vaccination Against
6th week Parvo Virus
Distemper Virus
Adenovirus 1
Adenovirus 2
Parainfluenza Virus
Corona Virus
L. Pomona, L.Icterohaemorrhagiae
L.canicola, L.Grippotyphosa

Age: 9th week

Age (weeks) Vaccination Against
9th week Parvo Virus
Distemper Virus
Adenovirus 1
Adenovirus 2
Parainfluenza Virus
Corona Virus
L. Pomona, L.Icterohaemorrhagiae
L.canicola, L.Grippotyphosa

Age: 12th week

Age (weeks) Vaccination Against
12th week Parvo Virus
Distemper Virus
Adenovirus 1
Adenovirus 2
Parainfluenza Virus
Corona Virus
L. Pomona, L.Icterohaemorrhagiae
L.canicola, L.Grippotyphosa
Rabies

Age: 16th week (In case of high malondialdehyde (MDA) )

Age (weeks) Vaccination Against
16th week Parvo Virus
Distemper Virus
Adenovirus 1
Adenovirus 2
Parainfluenza Virus
Corona Virus
L. Pomona , L.Icterohaemorrhagiae
L.canicola, L.Grippotyphosa
Rabies

And following should be annually revaccinate

Vaccination Against
Parvo Virus
Distemper Virus
Adenovirus 1
Adenovirus 2
Parainfluenza Virus
Corona Virus
L. Pomona, L.Icterohaemorrhagiae
L.canicola, L.Grippotyphosa
Rabies

Why Vaccines important For Dogs? Hope you get the answers. Your pet is a responsibility. Please give them vaccination at correct time.

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